Spiders own their own phobia, and people with arachnophobia don’t consider any spider species itsy or bitsy, and we think these folks wished that rain would wash those spiders out–permanently! With thousands of species of spiders present in this country, only two are extremely dangerous to humans: the black widow and the brown recluse spiders (thankful we only have to worry about the black widow spider. The spider has two body segments, the cephalothorax (head & thorax) and the abdomen. Spiders are beneficial for the control of insects but become a nuisance when they spin their webs on the outside of a structure or become an unwanted guest on the inside. Most spiders cannot penetrate the human skin with their bite and only bite after being provoked, or if they are trapped or crushed, like in a shoe. If a spider bite has been inflicted, capture the spider and take it with you to your doctor for correct treatment. With so many species of spiders, these are the most commonly encountered:

Black Widow

This poisonous spider is the most commonly feared spider in Pakistan. The female is simple to spot with an outsized shiny black abdomen and red sandglass on the side. Females are 1/2 inch or larger while males are about half that size. Males have white markings on the back of the abdomen and red markings underneath. The irregularly shaped silk web is very strong and makes a popping sound if it is broken. The spider catches insects within the net, wraps them in silk, and sucks the body juices from the prey. The secretion of the spider dissolves the insect’s tissue in order that it are often sucked out throughout the feeding. Woven silk sacks contain hundreds of eggs and are about 1/2 inch in diameter. Widows are more likely to bite someone after they have laid their eggs and are hungry. After two to four weeks, the spiderlings emerge from the sack and spin silk strands to float away. After mating the female may eat the male but if the female is well fed, the male may be spared. If bitten by a black widow, see a physician immediately for treatment.

Brown Recluse

This spider is also known as the violin or fiddle-back spider because of the dark brown violin on the cephalothorax. Many spiders seem similar in look, which needs identification by an associate professional. The brown recluse is usually found in the south to southeast states. Occasionally they have been found in other places due to being undiscovered during the shipping of boxes and packages. They prefer undisturbed locations such as woodpiles, utility boxes, debris, storage closets, attics, cracks, and crevices. The bite is usually not felt because of the shy behavior of the spider and may turn into an open ulcer over the next couple of weeks if not treated. Bites by other spiders, insects, and wasps may resemble a brown recluse bite and can be misdiagnosed since the physician does not have the specimen to identify.


This spider is known for its long legs, which can be up to two inches long. They will make their webs in barns, cellars, and eaves. The cellar spider hangs on its web with the abdomen facing upward. They will shake their web when disturbed. This spider is beneficial for the insects they feed on but is a nuisance because of the webs they create. This spider is often misidentified as the daddy long leg.

Ground Spider

The ground spider is associate degree eight-legged arthropod with stripes across its body and maybe crimson, brown, black or gray in color. Most ground spiders don’t use webs to capture their prey – they crawl after their prey on the ground (hence their name!). They are not known to be super-venomous towards humans.

Jumping Spider

Jumping spiders, also known as Salticidae, also called Charlies, Salties or Herbies, actually do more of a dance than a jump, according to scientists. Plus, the name “Salticidae” is Latin for “dancing with pantomimic gestures.” These guys are active during the daytime, unlike most of its cousins, and they like to warm themselves in the sun. They’re usually black in color and have thick, short legs. Jumping spiders are known to have the best vision of any arachnid. They like to build their web retreats under furniture, in floor cracks and around windows and doors.


The orb-weavers will mature in the fall, which is when they are most noticed. The orb-weaver is understood for its colorful markings and its elaborate internet that it constructs. The orb-weaver is more beneficial than harmful and is normally found outside. Not generally a home interloper and can unremarkably be found spinning its internet between bushes and tree branches.


The pastor spider can notice its approach to the house throughout the summer months. The body of the pastor spider is 1/4 to 1/2-inch long. The abdomen is gray-brown with a whitish band around it. Parson spiders area unit hunters that don’t spin webs, however, can establish a nest. Normally found outside in firewood or rock piles.


The body of a tarantula is 3 1/2 inches with a span of 9 1/2 inches with the legs. Tarantulas have the capability of biting, yet they rarely do. They are sluggish and easily handled. During the early summer months, the male will seek out the female to mate. Tarantulas may live up to 20 years and have curious habits. They will generally create a burrow and live in the ground. They do not spin internet|an internet|an online} to catch prey however they’ll leave web lines that alert them of approaching prey.


Wolf spiders are quite often confused with tarantulas, as they too are large, hairy spiders. Wolf spiders have eyes in three rows as opposed to normal spiders only having two rows of eyes. These spiders are hunters and do not construct webs to catch their prey. The body is 1 to 1-1/2 inches and has a leg span of 3 to 4 inches. They will generally create a burrow and live in the ground. They do not spin online and hunt their prey.

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